Rabies is a zoonotic disease (a disease that is transmitted to humans from animals) that is caused by a virus. This virus is present in saliva of warm blooded animals.
Rabies infects domestic and wild animals, and is spread to humans through close contact with infected saliva (via bites or scratches) of Warm blooded animals.
How it infects human?
- Virus enters via animal bite.
- It replicates in muscle at site of bite.
- It travels via nerves up spinal cord to brain.
- Virus travels from brain via nerves to other tissues such as eye, kidneys and salivary glands.