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Basic Things about Diabetes (Blood Sugar)

Basic Things about Diabetes (Blood Sugar)

  • The Role of Insulin
    1. Stomach transforms food into glucose
    2. Glucose enters blood vessels
    3. Insulin enters the blood stream. Pancreas produces insulin.
    4. Insulin suppresses excess blood glucose, helping the glucose enter cells.
  • Risks & Factors
    1. Type 1: At risk: Mainly children immune system destroys cells of the pancreas which produces insulin.
    2. Type 2: Risk factors: Obesity, family antecedents. Insufficient production of insulin and body’s ineffective use of insulin to suppress glucose.
  • Symptoms
    1. Frequent urination, thirst
    2. Constant hunger
    3. Loss of weight
    4. Trouble with vision, fatigue
  • Consequences
    1. Loss of vision
    2. Heart attacks
    3. Poor blood circulation
    4. Kidney disease
    5. Urinary problems
  • Treatment
    1. Insulin injections
    2. Diet
    3. Exercise
    4. Monitoring blood sugar

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia, also called low blood sugar, occurs when your blood glucose (blood sugar) level drops too low to provide enough energy for your body’s activities.

Normal blood glucose ranges (mg/dL)
Normal blood glucose levels in people who do not have diabetes

Upon waking (fasting)70 to 110
After mealsLess than 140

Hypoglycemia: A Side Effect of Diabetes Medications

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