There are emergency situations in which there are two or more victims; like in multiple car accidents or disasters or mass casualty.
WHAT IS TRIAGE?
It is the process of prioritizing or classifying injured victims to decide who must be cared for and transported first
- To doÂ the greatest benefit for the greatest number of victims
- Determine the order and priority of emergency treatment
Classification of victims according to care and transportation priorities:
- Category A: Patients in Critical Condition (Immediate Care)
Includes cases of head injuries, thoracic injuries, abdominal injuries, fracture of major bones with profuse bleeding, etc. These patients require immediate resuscitation and supportive measures. About 10% of these are beyond salvage.
- Category B: Patients In Serious But Not Life Threatening Condition (Urgent Care)
Include multiple trauma cases of a less serious nature, for example, fractures and crush injuries of limbs without major blood loss, facial injuries, spinal injuries, etc.
- Category C: Walking Wounded (Delayed Care)
These patients may have minor injuries requiring cleaning the wounds, dressing and/or limb fractures requiring closed reduction and immobilization.
- Professional Rescuers use a special Triage Tags to identify injured by color-code and category which is easily recognized by other Rescuers when they arrive.
- The injured persons marked “Immediate” or having a Red tag will be looked at first for transport to a medical facility
- Yellow tag “Delayed” people will be helped next.
- Lastly people with Green tag will be helped i.e. all walking wounded people withÂ minor injuries
- Black or Blue tag for deceased but only medical personal or doctor can decide that in advanced triage.